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What are Private Cryptocurrencies Public vs private cryptocurrency difference and Government Opinion

In our country, with the Central Gov. looking to regulate and define crypto, a Cabinet note on the proposed cryptocurrency bill reportedly recommend regulation of private cryptocurrency, instead of an entire ban.

Earlier, the administration startups considered all crypto not proceeded by the State as private ones. The authorities have now been referred to cryptocurrency as crypto assets, rather than cryptocurrencies.

Amidst the unpredictability around the official meaning of cryptocurrencies, the lack of simplicity on the difference between private vs public blockchains adds up to the confusion.

Thus, by recognizing which blockchains function in a private manner vs those that are public, it will be easy to know which crypto or cryptocurrencies tokens could be considered public or private.

You see, in the globe of crypto, the terms public and private are utilized in more technical regard.

What are private cryptocurrencies?

That is the million-dollar question on leaders and celebrities mouth. No such term as private crypto exists in a technical sense. Take the case of Ethereum or Bitcoin, the currencies with the highest market value and with the most name recognition across the planet. Both of these cryptos work on a public ledger where anyone can participate, with all transaction information in a public domain. Do they qualify as 'private' cryptos? Or, does the Centre actually signify cryptos such as ZCash—which offer the alternative of full anonymity to all participants—or Monero, which pressured on the privacy aspect of transactions. Or, is the regulation actually targeting projects such as FB cryptocurrency Diem which works on a 'permissioned' blockchain, and which is careful in its choice of participants via KYC—a private currency in every perception of the term.

There are famous tokens mapped out to be private by default by hideout transaction details. These cryptos are still public in the manner that they are having public open ledgers, but transaction details are unclear in varying degrees to shield the privacy of end-users. It is also significant to point out that there is a difference between privacy and secrecy. Every person has the right to privacy and fighting for that right doesn't denote you have something to hide.

In other terms, there are numerous private coins that host several built-in privacy features and even keep users' activities and identities concealed. The difference between public and private crypto is confusing for many. Private crypto uses some cryptographic measures to mask these particulars. This denotes, on the network of private crypto, the wallet addresses will be hidden or masked and the information of the transaction might be hidden, and so on. This permits users a level of privacy that is not accessible to their public counterparts. It is said that all the top private coins fend off many hacking attempts.


Difference between public and private cryptocurrencies

Whatever crypto is not issued by the administration, can be regarded as private, though there is no transparent definition of private crypto, says Vishwanath, CEO, Unocoin, a crypto exchange.

The ministry of finance recommended that all private cryptos, except any crypto which may be issued by the administration, be banned in India. If a recommendation has to be decided, the administration may categorize any crypto that is not released by the government as private crypto. To build up its argument against private cryptos, the report claimed, “The private cryptos are inconsistent with the significant functions of currency/money, hence private cryptos could not replace fiat currencies.

The best-familiar cryptocurrencies like Dogecoin, Shiba Inu, Bitcoin, Ether, and others are public as their transactions are entirely transparent. Although these crypto provide few levels of anonymity to users as they permit them to work under pseudonyms, all transactions on the blockchain could be viewed by any individual who is having access to the said blockchain.

By design, transactions of these cryptos are traceable and linkable. Therefore,personal development and self-improvement organizations that deal with sensitive details—such as individuals’ personal info and commercial contracts—favor joining a private blockchain. Private ones include Dash, ZCash, Monero, and Particl. These platforms permit users to transact without making data public.

These private blockchains do have public open ledgers, they permit distinct degrees of permissions for users. Thus, the access can be constricted and transaction info can be encrypted to shield confidentiality.

What is Private Cryptocurrency?

What is Public Cryptocurrency?

As discussed above, the distributed ledger system offers transparency about the wallet addresses and the transactions.

In the case of private crypto, several cryptographic measures are undertaken to mask this info, thereby offering the users with a degree of privacy that their public counterparts cannot offer. 

The transactions associated to public cryptocurrency could be traced and even their amount could be deciphered. 

While these types of cryptocurrencies do offer certain level of anonymity, the wallet address connected to you can still be configured and your data could be public.

Examples: Horizen, Monero, and DASH

Examples: Litecoin, Bitcoin,and Ethereum

In short, the proposed bill brings up an official digital currency.  This might possibly signify that all the crypto that is not owned by the government is private and probably be banned.


However, the success and happiness utilization of the term private cryptos by the administration remains unclear. While the aforesaid is understood to be in a technical manner, there is also one more view that private cryptos might also show virtual currencies that are not issued by the administration.   
In fact, the finance ministry announced in 2019 too had stated that cryptos have been developed by non-sovereigns and are therefore private enterprises. It is said that there is no underlying intrinsic value of these private cryptos. There is no secured nominal value of these private crypto i.e. neither are they a medium of exchange nor act as any store of value. Since its inception, crypto has indicated utmost fluctuations in its prices. Therefore, the Committee is of transparent view that private cryptos must not be allowed. These cryptos could not serve the purpose of the currency. The private cryptos are inconsistent with the necessary functions of currency/money, hence private cryptos cannot replace fiat currencies, it had declared.

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Writer at billion things to do: Karma is an influencing content writer who can motivate you to become an optimistic personality in life. So much of passion and inspiration you will find in the writings, especially in the fictional articles.

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